25 August 2023

By Alex  |  

Best Programming Language for Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) in 2023

By Alex Paulen

category : Developers

ON : 25 August 2023

Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) have emerged as formidable technologies in this age of extraordinary technological developments. Both have invaded various sectors, radically altering how we live and work. This is evident in everything from self-driving vehicles and virtual assistants to individualized recommendations and medical diagnoses. 

If you are looking to hire an AI developer, the choice of programming language plays a crucial role in implementing AI and ML effectively. It determines the efficiency, scalability, and overall success of your projects. With numerous options available, finding the best programming language can be challenging. Let us assist you in finding the right AI developer who possesses expertise in the ideal programming language for your AI initiatives. Reach out to us today and take your AI projects to new heights! 

Many aspiring professionals in the field of AI and ML struggle with queries such as, “Which programming language should I learn?” or “Which language is best suited for developing AI and ML applications?” Here, we want to clear up the mysteries surrounding programming by looking at some of the most popular languages.

Overview of the BEST AI and ML Programming Languages

Explore the comparison of AI and ML programming languages to identify the optimal fit for your team’s requirements and facilitate the hiring of skilled AI engineers. Make informed decisions to drive innovation with top talent in the field.

A key consideration in this evaluation is determining “which programming language is best for AI and ML.” This decision relies on factors such as team proficiency, project specifics, and the desired outcomes.

  1. Python
    Due to its ease of use and flexibility, Python has been acknowledged as the industry standard. It is excellent for new and seasoned programmers because of its readability, active community,
    and rich library support (see, for example, TensorFlow and PyTorch for deep learning). 
  2. R
    For statistical computation and a graphical representation, R language was developed. It is widely used by statisticians and academics analyzing huge datasets because of its extensive collection of packages and methods designed specifically for data analysis.
  3. Julia
    Julia is a high-level, high-performance language designed to be both user-friendly and powerful. This amazing language is becoming more popular due to its just-in-time (JIT) compilation and robust numerical capabilities.
  4. Java
    Java is an object-oriented language with widespread application in several niches. It may not be as well-known as Python or R in AI, but it provides stability, scalability, and enterprise-level application support, which make it outshine the competition.
  5. C++
    Due to the language’s impressive speed and shockingly low-level control, C++ is often used for performance-critical AI and ML activities, such as the development of optimised algorithms and frameworks. It helps get to memory quickly as well as effortlessly and make the most of limited hardware resources.
    It is a proprietary programming language and environment renowned for its powerful numerical computing capabilities. MATLAB provides various AI and ML resources, for instance, the widely used MATLAB Deep Learning Toolbox.
    Thanks to its fantastic user-friendliness and interactive nature, MATLAB is well-suited for quick prototyping and research.

Comparison of AI and ML Programming Languages

Have a look at the comparison of AI and ML programming languages to find the best fit for your team’s needs and help you to hire AI engineers. Make informed decisions and drive innovation with top talent in the field. 

Programming Language Use Cases Examples of Companies Differences When to Use
Python Deep learning, NLP, computer vision, data analysis Google, Facebook, Amazon, Netflix, Airbnb Python offers simplicity, readability, and an extensive library ecosystem for AI/ML. When you need a universal language with a comprehensive range of libraries for several AI/ML tasks.
R Statistical modeling, data analysis, machine learning Microsoft, Uber, Airbnb, Pfizer, IBM R is specialized in statistical computing with various packages. When statistical analysis and visualization are the primary focus of your project.
Julia High-performance computing, simulations, optimization NASA, Federal Reserve Bank, MIT, Intel, IBM Research Julia combines ease of use with computational efficiency. When you demand efficient computing capabilities and desire to leverage the benefits of a modern programming language.
Java Enterprise-level AI applications Oracle, IBM, SAP, Twitter, LinkedIn Java provides maximum stability, scalability, and enterprise support. When building large-scale AI applications emphasizing dependability and compatibility.
C++ Performance-critical tasks, optimized algorithms Microsoft, Adobe, Siemens, NVIDIA, Intel C++ delivers low-level control and efficient hardware utilization. When you require peak performance and fine-grained control over system resources.
MATLAB Numerical computing, rapid prototyping MathWorks, Bosch, Philips, Ford, NASA MATLAB has wide-ranging tools for numerical computing and prototyping. When you require a quick and interactive prototyping environment for numerical computations.

Factors to Consider when Choosing an AI and ML Programming Language

Looking to hire an artificial intelligence developer? Consider these factors when choosing the right AI and ML programming language for your project. Make an informed decision and unlock the potential of AI technology. The best programming language for AI and ML depends on your needs, goals, and preferences. There are certain domains in which each language excels.

Python is now unrivaled as the language of choice for programmers of all skill levels, as its extensive library ecosystem provides robust toolkits for deep learning and neural networks that are supported with accessibility, readability, and a robust community. The wealth of pre-existing models and tools has made it the gold standard for AI development. Whereas R, Julia, Java, C++, and MATLAB are all powerful and functional programming languages in their own right. It would help if you considered the language’s community, libraries, usability, performance needs, and experience level when picking one.

Training deep neural networks and processing massive datasets are examples of computationally complex processes standard. Your AI and ML applications will benefit significantly from being written in a high-performance language. Take Python, for example; it uses optimized libraries and integrates well with lower-level languages like C++, making it an incredible pick for performance-critical programming.

Also, consider how well the language scales and works with other systems when looking to find AI engineers. Pick a language with robust scalability and the ability to interact with other technologies and frameworks if working on large-scale applications or integrating AI into current corporate systems.

What Libraries and Frameworks are Commonly Used for AI and ML Programming Languages?

Programming Language Libraries/Frameworks
Python – TensorFlow, Keras, PyTorch, scikit-learn, NumPy, Pandas
R – caret, mlr, randomForest, glmnet, C50, xgboost
Julia – Flux.jl, MLJ.jl, ScikitLearn.jl, DifferentialEquations.jl, Gen.jl, Turing.jl
Java – Deeplearning4j, DL4J, Mahout, Weka, Java-ML, RapidMiner
C++ – TensorFlow C++ API, Caffe, MXNet C++ API, OpenCV, Torch C++ API, dlib
MATLAB – MATLAB Deep Learning Toolbox, Statistics and Machine Learning Toolbox, Image Processing Toolbox, Neural Network Toolbox, Computer Vision Toolbox, Parallel Computing Toolbox

Are There Any Emerging Programming Languages That May Become Popular for AI and ML in the Future? 

Explore the potential of emerging programming languages and hire AI developers to propel your business into the future. There are plenty of fresh programming languages that are bringing new horizons and may become famous in the AI and ML fields in the future. Here are a few examples:

Programming Language Description
Swift Developed by Apple, Swift is gaining traction for its performance, safety, and ease of use. Swift for TensorFlow integrates Swift with TensorFlow for AI and ML applications.
Rust Rust is gaining popularity for building high-performance AI systems because it focuses on safety and speed. Its memory safety features make it appealing for AI and ML tasks.
Kotlin Kotlin is a statically-typed language running on the JVM. With modern features and interoperability with Java, it is increasingly used for AI and ML, particularly for Android development.
Scala Combining object-oriented and functional programming, Scala runs on the JVM and offers strong interoperability with Java. It is gaining traction for AI and ML tasks, especially with Apache Spark.

How Important is Community Support for AI and ML Programming Languages?

In artificial intelligence and machine learning programming languages, community support is crucial. Access to a passionate and helpful community may benefit a developer’s education. It is a great place to meet new people, discuss interesting topics, and work together on projects. With the community’s help, developers may get answers to their questions and get their projects off the ground with tutorials, documentation, and discussion forums. 

In addition, strong communities encourage code reuse and sharing, which gives an edge to everyone since new solutions may be built atop the shoulders of the community’s collective knowledge. The development, innovation, and expansion of AI and ML ecosystems are all boosted. Besides, with the community’s help, experts may learn about and implement current trends and cutting-edge developments in their industry. 

A robust community supports AI and ML programming languages by fostering a cooperative atmosphere that gives developers agency and propels the community forward.

Why Companies are Hiring AI Developers and Engineers?

Organizations across various industries are hiring AI professionals to harness the power of machine learning, natural language processing, and data analytics to gain a competitive edge. By hiring AI developers, companies can unlock new opportunities for automation, improve decision-making processes, enhance customer experiences, and optimize business performance. 

With the rapid advancements in AI technology, companies understand the importance of having dedicated AI talent on board to stay ahead in the market. So, if you’re looking to drive innovation and stay ahead of the curve, it’s time to hire artificial intelligence developers and engineers to propel your business into the future.


The optimal choice of programming language may vary from project to project. While Python’s advanced specs continue to make it the language of choice, other options such as R, Julia, Java, C++, and MATLAB provide their distinct benefits and applications. Considerations like familiarity, scalability, performance, library ecosystem, simplicity of use, and community support should all play a role in your final pick. 

Successful and efficient development in the field of AI requires the expertise of skilled AI developers for hire. These developers carefully consider various factors and choose the programming language that best meets the specific AI and ML demands. With their knowledge and experience, they navigate this dynamic and fast-growing area, ensuring optimal development outcomes.

Alex Paulen

A proficient (ML) (DL) expert specializing in designing, developing, and deploying ML and DL models. Possess a deep understanding of a wide range of ML and DL techniques, including supervised and unsupervised learning, neural networks, and computer vision.

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